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Learning Journal on Globalisation

Autor:   •  September 10, 2018  •  3,248 Words (13 Pages)  •  193 Views

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Those in the anti- globalisation movement generally try to to draw people's attention by demonstrating against the World Trade Organisation to promote awareness for human rights NGOs, advocate socialist or social democratic alternatives to capitalism, and seek to protect the public interest and the world’s ecosystem from what they believe to be the damaging effects of globalisation.

I think the globalisation is certainly a good thing that human needs to reach. As globalisation has progressed, living conditions have improved significantly in virtually all countries. Globalisation, to my humble opinion, is by no means the mixture of different cultures with all its unique characteristics. But globalisation also has negative impacts, especially for poor or underdeveloped countries. To the contrary: low-income countries have not been able to integrate with the global economy as quickly as others, partly because of their chosen policies and partly because of factors outside their control. I think the international community should endeavour and help reduce poverty around the world. In sum, globalisation is good or not depends much on the way people obtain and understand it.

References (2017). BBC - GCSE Bitesize: What is globalisation?. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].

Economy, t. (2013). 12 Negative Aspects of Globalization | [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].

Tutor2u. (2017). Factors That Have Contributed to Globalisation | tutor2u Business. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017]. (2007). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017]. (2011). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017]. (2017). Globalisation. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017]. (2017). Globalization: Threat or Opportunity? An IMF Issues Brief. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].

A-Z Quotes. (2017). Janez Drnovsek Quote. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].

Boundless. (2017). Negative and positive effects of globalization for developing country business. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].

Sorman, G. (2015). The BRICs hit the wall - CapX. [online] CapX. Available at: [Accessed 18 Jun. 2017].



Appendix 1.1 –Drivers of Globalisation

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Appendix 1.2 – Negative Impacts of Globalisation

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Tutorial 2 – Learning Journal on Making Sense of Cultural Theory

According to Encyclopedia, the term cultural theory refers to diverse attempts to conceptualise and understand the dynamics of culture. Historically, it involves arguments about relationship between culture and nature, culture and society, the split between high and low culture, and the interplay between cultural tradition and cultural difference and diversity. (Encyclopedia, 2017). It seeks to define heuristic concepts of culture. Hence, in culture theory’s holistic perspective, englobing the needs common to all people, enables people to deal better with complexity and fragmentation and it helps to ensure that economies are contextualised properly and pointed in the right direction.

Culture, defined in its broadest sense, is the totality of a society’s distinctive ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge. It exhibits the ways humans interpret their environments. For example, we expect that all children around the world will grow up to love their parents. The way they express their love may depend a lot on the culture in which they are raised, but the loving feelings are culturally agnostic. (IBM, 2002). Since culture is being take into account, for this tutorial, we are required to complete a short culture questionnaire to increase our cultural understanding.

A questionnaire can be a relatively inexpensive way to get information about people’s attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours. However, after completing the questionnaire, I realise the questions are more bias towards Uncertainty Avoidance Index under Hofstede’s model which may lead to the questionnaire may have poor internal validity. We also cannot determine cultural differences between the teacher and student base from the questionnaires.

Hofstede's cultural dimensions’ theory constitutes a framework revolving cross-cultural communication, which was developed by Geert Hofstede. It describes the describe the relationship between these values and behaviour, with the help of a structure based on factor analysis. (Cleverism, 2015)

Hofstede’s findings are based on primary research in the form of questionnaires, carried out with employees of IBM. The multinational corporation offered him a chance to survey its employees and then compared their responses to the results of similar surveys conducted in 50 other countries and three regions. His findings have influenced various fields since then, including business marketing. (, 2017). Furthermore, we can gain incredibly valuable insights from his model, especially regarding purchasing behaviour across a myriad of cultures.

But his model was being criticise by Brendan McSweeney. McSweeney rejects


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