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World War II

Autor:   •  December 3, 2017  •  1,383 Words (6 Pages)  •  470 Views

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Hitler’s nationalistic policy was the reason that led to the Second World War. Hitler committed suicide when Germany surrendered to the Allied Powers.

THE SECOND WORLD WAR

The war which spread from September 1939 to August 1945 for six long years is known as the 2nd World War. The first stage of the war spread between European countries and gradually turned into a World War.

The causes for the World War II:-

- The rise of Hitler

- Hitler’s actions

- Mussolini’s actions in Italy

- Japan’s aggressive policy

- The weakness of the League Nations

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GERMANY BECOMES POWERFUL UNDER HITLER

Germany had many crises after the 1st World War

☞ such as unemployment,

☞ the world economic depression of 1929

☞ accepting the Treaty of Versailles

German people had the feeling that their nation was subjected to humiliation and injustice by the Treaty of Versailles. Because of the treaty, German nation scattered in several nations. (Eg: - 60 lakhs of Germans in Austria, 30 lakhs in Czechoslovakia and a large number in Poland.)

Therefore, Germany was one of the poorest countries in Europe. In this situation, Hitler aroused the national feeling and aspirations of the German people. He told people to give him the support to cancel the treaty of Versailles and to restore Germany to the status prior to 1914.

QUESTIONS

1. GERMANY BECOMES POWERFUL UNDER HITLER

- What is the secret police implemented by Hitler to kill his enemies?

- What were the intentions of Hitler?

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- Germany, cancelling all the agreements made with other countries, began to invade Poland.

- Why did the western nation oppose to Germany?

- Why did Russia enter into an agreement with Hitler in 1939?

- What was the immediate cause of war?

2. MUSSOLINI’S ACTIVITY IN ITALY

- Mention the aim of Italy under Mussolini.

- What is the country that Mussolini first attacked?

- Explain Mussolini’s aggressive policy in Italy.

3. JAPAN’S POLICY OF AGGRESSION

- How did Japan reach a high level of development towards the end of the 19th century?

- What was the need created as a result of the economic development?

4. THE FAILURE OF THE LEAGUE NATIONS

- What are the reasons for the ineffectiveness of the League Nations?

- Because of the failure of the League Nations, what kind of situation was created between individual nations?

- The causes for the 2nd world war accumulated and the background was created for the war. What was the ultimate cause for the 2nd World War?

Second World War

1. How did Hitler proceed with his strategic plan to conquer Europe?

2. How did the Americans join the Second World War?

3. Why Germany was defeated in the 2nd world war? Explain.

4. Name the five organs of the UNO and describe their responsibilities.

5. Name the three leaders in the world who took steps to establish UNO. Name the place at wich they discussed the draft of the UNO and the day that the UNO was born.

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