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Components of Effective Leadership and Management Styles

Autor:   •  December 29, 2017  •  2,139 Words (9 Pages)  •  201 Views

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Most leaders prefer to use modern communication technology method like videoconferencing in order to communicate globally because it has the advantage of sending cross a large volume of message to the decoder and receiving instant feedback.

To add, the usage of modern communication technology like email, Skype help an organization to maximize cost and time when operating globally.

More still, the era of modern communication technology has made most global companies to be decentralized in order to locally compete effectively. Without these technologies, a company cannot think global and act local, (Mandi Yanick, 2008, Cameroon Business Journal, page 13). It also help to facilitate decision -making.

To continue, we are going to look at some key principles of effective, ethical and innovative management and leadership practices that should be considered. These principles explain how leaders and managers should do their job in order to achieve their goals effectively and efficiently.

To start, a manager or leader should be able to establish a clear vision for the future. This will go a long way to boost the morale of employees as the strive to hit the target. Complicated and complex method of carrying out a task must be understood by employees so that they know what is to be done.

To add, a manager or leader should create trust, confidence and eliminate fear amongst employees. If an employee doesn’t meet the expected performance, it is important to find-out why and also determine if more training is required.

More so, leaders and managers must foster an environment of continues improvement for employees and eliminate waste. Organizations should see employees as an asset which needs to be constantly developed in order for them to compete effectively, by them being productive. They should constantly carry out training and development campaigns, seminars etc to help employees stay in line with technology.

Lastly, a manager or leader as a matter of fact should exercise and promote ethical values at all levels within an organization. Ethical values such as trust, honesty, dependable and motivational should be encouraged as opposed to irritable, egotistical, uncooperative etc.

In continuation, every organization is at one point faced with a dilemma in which an accurate decision is required to solve that problem. There are seven established steps for any organization to pass through in order for an effective and efficient decision to be reached, (Gudson Fred, 2014, Principles of effective leadership Vol.3, p 164). These steps include;

Identification of a problem: This is the first step. At this stage we must be able to recognize a problem and perhaps see the opportunities that surrounds it. We should also remember that different people might view things different.

Gathering of information: At this stage a leader has to sort out information that are relevant and irrelevant to make an effective decision. He also needs to take into consideration the interest of everybody as the best decision is one that satisfies all.

Analyze the situation: Here, the problem needs to be given a big shot by finding out the best possible alternative available to solve the issue. Ask question like “what if” and trying to create and develop back-up plans and ideas.

Evaluation of options or alternatives: After creating and developing alternative plans a leader should evaluate them. He should look at the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

Select an option. At this stage a leader is choosing from the list of alternatives that can best be applied in solving the problem.

Take action on the decision. Here, the leader takes all measures necessary to ensure that the arrived decision is well enforced and administered.

Monitoring the decision or solution: This is the last stage of solving a problem and making an effective decision. At this stage, the leader controls and monitors the success of a decision and also to make adjustments and corrections if need be.

To proceed, Diversity can be defined as the coming together of people from different cultures, ethnicity, age , gender, race, values, personality etc to form a group, community or an organization. There are two types of diversity which are; the surface-level diversity and the deep-level diversity. Surface-level diversity comprises of those easily spotted elements like age, gender, race etc. While deep-level diversity talks of those elements that individuals finds it similar or make them different after knowing each other for some time, examples include personality, values, status etc. Furthermore, here are some advantages of diversity in an organization.

To begin, a source of strength: Most organizations are beginning to see diversification as a source of strength. That is the more diverse an organization is, the stronger it becomes. For example, coca cola who has a wide range of cultural diverse employees open room for new innovative idea ,strategies and thoughts from different perspective which goes a long to achieve productivity, progressive market share and profitability.

Transfer of knowledge: Another very important aspect of diversity is knowledge being shared. In every organization there are some differences in the ages of the workforce. For example in an organization where there is age diversity, the experienced individuals are most likely to be older than others and are expected to transfer some degree of acquired knowledge and expertise through experience to the younger generation.

Equality between genders: Diversity helps leaders to be able to manage equality between male and female workers. It enables leaders to understand the feeling of the opposite in every given situation. Leaders also understand opportunities should be shared equally between these two. For example a leader acknowledging the efforts of both parties and rewarding them in justifiable manner.

Diversity serves an opportunity for a company to expand overseas. For example, a company will look at its employees from different countries as future potential market for its goods and services. This is because employees from different countries will enable the company to understand how and why people behave the way they do, what they like and dislike, what are their values etc. This will serve as good information for future investment overseas.

To continue, effective and efficient leadership is of great significance in order for an organization to stay in business. Many organizations are struggling today because of bad leadership. In this

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