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Anxiety, Depression, and Adhd

Autor:   •  March 12, 2018  •  1,171 Words (5 Pages)  •  54 Views

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The exact causes of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are unknown. What we do know is that are a lot of possible reasons a person develops attention deficit disorder, and the factors vary from person to person. Some of the causes could be: ADHD has a strong genetic basis in the majority of cases, as a person with ADHD is four times as likely to have had a relative who was also diagnosed with attention deficit disorder. Certain components of the diet, including food additives and sugar, can have clear effects on behavior. Some experts believe that food additives may exacerbate ADHD. And a popular belief is that refined sugar may be to blame for a range of abnormal behaviors.

Bandura (1977) found that if a child does not expect to be successful in a particular activity, he or she will be less likely to put forth the effort to successfully engage in the activity. Numerous strategies are available to professional counselors when working with children coping with ADHD and their families. By focusing on the three areas of conflict resolution, motivation and self-efficacy, and self-esteem, professional counselors can help provide comprehensive behavioral support to ensure the lifelong success of children with ADHD. Maslow (1943) originally developed a theory of human motivation emphasizing the need for individuals to value themselves and to believe that others value them.


Bandura, A. (1977)/ Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychonolical Reviw, 84, 191-215.

Maslow, A. (1943). A theory of hum,an motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 514-539.

Grohol, J. (2017). Anxiety Disorders. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 28, 2017, from

Tartakovsky, M. (2017). Living with an Anxiety Disorder. Psych Central. Retrieved on March

28, 2017, from


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