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The Impact of Overseas Studies on International Students and Their Employability

Autor:   •  February 21, 2019  •  1,489 Words (6 Pages)  •  44 Views

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One of the substantial impacts of overseas studies lies on the cultural aspect. Individuals get better understanding to another society through their process of experiencing cultural differences and encounters, thus making it easier to work and communicate with people from various culture background (Campbell, 2010). For the practical working aspect, the advantage of studying overseas is not merely getting a good command of another language, but also achieving a deeper understand of oneself and the future working environment with the combination of a person’s own knowledge background with the different one gaining from the experience of studying abroad.(Archer & Davison, 2008)

Heffron&Maresco (2014) has examined a range of inner impact on overseas studies to international students, including knowledge and values enhanced by students during their studies. From their data analysis between students before and after studying abroad, it is shown that international students tend to have more global prospects, and are more likely to be put into an multicultural environment; they tend to be more tolerant and optimistic while enduring a situation which is not positive to them; they show open attitude when given the working opportunity in foreign countries. (Heffron&Maresco, 2014) It is worthwhile to point out from their research that some students think it is local people who has changed their views and abilities rather than the cultural environment they are immersed in.[b]

Perceived Challenges

According to the data from Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA), International student consist 18% in university education, which the amount of students from China surpassed the amount of total EU international students in year 2013-2014. One of the biggest problems Chinese students are facing is their four-month-limitation of getting a job, or they will directly go back home. (Rhoden, 2015). [c]

Yates and Wahid (2013) found that communicating in English is an essential problem for international graduates in their future job hunting process, hence students thought it has narrow effect on university’s English for Academic Purposes project and found it hard to be adapted into the local community. Apart from the language skills, the shortage of policy making for international students in their employability in the UK is also an urgent problem, especially for the huge amount of Chinese international students. (Huang, 2013). It is an undeniable fact that discrimination in working place do exist in UK, for a report from National Audit Office (NAO) has shown that there are circumstances which appear to be stereotyping and prejudice on the Asian employees, by refusing to accept their job application form or hinder them from being promoted. (Bell &Casebourne, 2008).

Research Question

After building up the literature review, there is limited research on Chinese international students’ interference on job applying and the link between their gains from abroad studying with their performance on hunting for a job. I am going to focus on these two field and further the research during my personal project period.

References

Archer, W., & Davison, J. (2008). Graduate employability: What do employers think and want? Council for Industry and Higher Education. Retrieved from http://ec.europa. eu/education/higher-education/doc/business/graduate_en.pdf.

Bell, L., & Casebourne, J. (2008). Increasing Employment for Ethnic

Minorities: a summary of research findings. Retrieved from: http://cesi.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/NAO_increasing_employment_ethnic_minorities_summary_0.pdf.

Bodycott, P. (2009). Choosing a higher education study abroad destination: what mainland Chinese parents and students rate as important. Journal of Research in International Education, 8(3), 349–373

Bredden, J. (2014). Global attributes or local literacy? International students in Japan’s graduate employment system. Japan Forum, 26(4), 417-440.

Brown, P. (2003). The opportunity trap: education and employment in a global economy. European Educational Research Journal, 2(1), 141–179.

Brown, P., &Hesketh, A. (2004). The mismanagement of talent: employability and jobs in the knowledge economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, A. (2010). Developing generic skills and attributes of international students: The (ir)relevance of the Australian university experience. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 32(5), 487–497.

Heffron, S., &Maresco, P. (2014). The Value of International Experiences for Business Students: Measuring Business Student Attitudes toward Study Abroad. Journal of International Students, 4(4). 351-362.

Higher Education Statistics Agency. (2015). Higher Education Student Enrolments and Qualifications Obtained at Higher Education Providers in the United Kingdom 2013/14. Retrieved from: https://www.hesa.ac.uk/sfr210.

Huang, R. (2013). International experience and graduate employability: Perceptions of Chinese international students in the UK. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 13(2013), 87-96.

Peter, N., & Mantz, Y. (2003). Learning, Curriculum, and Employability in Higher Education. London: Falmer Press.

Rhoden, A. (2015). Get a job or get out: the tough reality for international students. Retrieved from: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2015/jul/02/get-a-job-or-get-out-the-tough-reality-for-international-students.

Sumantra, G., & Christopher, B. (2004). The individualized corporation : a fundamentally new approach to management ; great companies are defined by purpose, process, and people. New York: HarperBusiness.

Tomlinson, M. (2007). Graduate employability and student attitudes and orientations to the labour market. Journal of Education and Work, 20(4), 285–304.

Waters, J. L. (2007). ‘Roundabout routes and sanctuary schools’: the role of situated educational practices and habitus in the creation of transnational professionals. Global Networks, 7(4), 477–497.

Yates, L., & Wahid, R. (2013). Challenges to Brand Australia- international students and the problem with speaking. Higher Education Research & Development, 32(6), 1037-1050.

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