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Curriculum & Instruction

Autor:   •  November 5, 2017  •  8,740 Words (35 Pages)  •  508 Views

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Academic Rationalistic Concept of curriculum:

This concept of curriculum is the oldest concept. This concept presented by Robert M. Hutchins in 1936, according to Tanner & Tanner. Tanner & Tanner kept his name Traditional concept of curriculum. According to Murray Print; “This conception of curriculum is still dominant”. (Murray Print- Curriculum Development & Design)

Characteristics:

- Old concept of curriculum

- Learning by heart

- Memorization

- Teacher-Centered

- More effected primary and secondary system of education

Objectives:

- To increase the abilities of students in specified subjects

- To create rational abilities in students by these subjects for future

- To promote mental and academic abilities of students

Curriculum:

History, Maths, Chemistry, English, Biology, Botany, Geography, Literature

Methods of teaching:

Lecture Method, Socratic Method, Problem-Solving Method, Discovery Method, Scientific Method

Evaluation:

Exam (weekly, monthly, half-Yearly & Annually)

Cognitive or Essential Academic Concept of curriculum:

This concept of curriculum presented by Arttur Bestor in 1956.

Characteristics:

- Old concept of curriculum

- Presented constructive solution through rational abilities

- Teacher and student centered

Objectives:

- To promote imaginary, critical and authentic abilities in students

- To able to solve their problems

Curriculum:

Mother Language, Literature, Mathematics, Science, History, study of Foreign Language, Compulsory subjects

Methods of teaching:

Lecture Method, Discussion Method, Teacher and Student centered Method

Evaluation:

Exams and Problem Solving

Department Of Education

Preston University

Course Title: Curriculum & instruction Class: B.Ed.

Course Teacher: Waqar Ali Time: 10.00 to 12.00

Date: 19-10-2014 Lesson: 04

Humanistic concept of curriculum:

“As John Mc Neil noted, the idea of the self actualization person is at the heart of the humanistic curriculum” humanistic conception argued that schools should provide learners with intrinsically rewarding experience to enhance personal growth.

(Murry Print curriculum development & design 1993)

Characteristics:

- Promotion of interest & natural feeling of a person

- Able the person to do some work

- Student-centered

- To make technical & skillful persons

- Promotion good relationship between teacher and student

Objectives:

- To promote natural abilities of a person

- To promote the concept of self satisfaction

- To develop personality

- To develop self actualization

- To promote mental and rational abilities

- To change characteristics of person

Curriculum:

Concept of self-realization, promotion of practical abilities, developing mental and practical approaches

Method of teaching:

Learning by interest, teacher as facilitator, discussion, self learning

Evaluation:

Observation, interview, case study, personal diary

Social Reconstruction Concept of curriculum:

In all assessment takes a low profile, with the learning experiences being far more important than the attainment of high marks. (Curriculum development and design)

“The social reconstruction conception claims that the school curriculum should affect social reform and help to produce better society” (Murry’s Book)

Characteristics:

- It reconstructs the society

- Fulfill the needs of environment of the society

- Promotion of ideal society

Objectives:

- To promote social adaptation

- To promote social reconstruction

Curriculum:

Environment problems, Global peace, Social study, language & literature, science, religious values, culture, personality development

Methods of teaching:

Group activities, group discussion, group experiment, social activity, group investigation

Evaluation:

Translation, test, exam, discussion, interviews

Department Of Education

Preston University

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