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In What Sense Did the Seven Years War Pave the Way to the Revolution?

Autor:   •  July 11, 2017  •  1,814 Words (8 Pages)  •  1,175 Views

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The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, it forbade colonists to settle west of the Appalachians until proper treaties had been made with the Amerindians, the purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.

Declaratory Act- The American Colonies Act 1766, commonly known as the Declaratory Act, was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act 1765 and the changing and lessening of the sugar act. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act because boycotts were hurting British trade and used the declaration to justify the repeal and save face. The declaration stated that the Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to pass laws that were binding on the American colonies.

Boston Massacre- On March 5, 1770, a Boston mob began to shoot insults at a group of British soldiers. One of the crowd tried to take a soldier’s gun and the soldiers shot him. Without any order from the officers, more shots were fired and three more members of the crowd fell dead. Several others were wounded. Boston politicians described the event as a cruel unprovoked attack on a peaceful group of citizens

Boston Tea Party- In December 1773 the West-Indian Company brought some tea to Boston on board of several ships, which stayed in Boston harbor. A group of colonists dressed as Indians boarded the ships at night and threw 342 boxes of tea into the sea. The company became furious and demanded that the British King should return its lost profits.

The Quebec Act ( 1774) an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, established Catholicism as the official religion of Canada.

Intolerable Acts (1774) were aimed at punishing Massachusetts: they closed the port of Boston to all trade until the tea was paid for and restricted the power of the colonial assembly in Massachusetts.

"No taxation without representation" is a slogan originating during the 1750s and 1760s that was one of the major causes of the American Revolution. In short, many in those colonies believed that, as they were not directly represented in the distant British Parliament, any laws it passed taxing the colonists (such as the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act) were illegal under the Bill of Rights 1689, and were a denial of their rights as Englishmen.

The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve colonies (Georgia was not present) that met on September 5, 1774, at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution. It was called in response to the passage of the Coercive Acts (also known as Intolerable Acts by the Colonial Americans) by the British Parliament. The Intolerable Acts had punished Boston for the Boston Tea Party.

The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun. It succeeded the First Continental Congress, which met between September 5, 1774 and October 26, 1774, also in Philadelphia. The second Congress managed the colonial war effort, and moved incrementally towards independence, adopting the United States Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. By raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and making formal treaties, the Congress acted as the de facto national government of what became the United States.

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the American War of Independence,[N 1] or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the revolt against Great Britain by the thirteen American colonies which founded the United States of America.

Minutemen were members of well-prepared militia companies of selectmen from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They provided a highly mobile, rapidly deployed force that allowed the colonies to respond immediately to war threats, hence the name.

The Declaration of Independence is the usual name of a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. Instead, they formed a new nation—the United States of America.

The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was a document signed amongst the 13 original colonies that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. Its drafting by a committee appointed by the Second Continental Congress began on July 12, 1776, and an approved version was sent to the states for ratification in late 1777.

The Treaty of Paris, The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on 3 September 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.

The theory of social contract- John Locke is the best-known proponent of the social contract theory. He developed it in Two Treaties of Government, published in February 1690. The idea behind it is that there is an unspoken contract between the governors and the governed. The governed have duties to the governors, but the governors also have duties to the governed, and the people have the right to modify or revoke the social contract.

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