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This Business School Believes That Ethical Leadership Is Impossible in a Shareholder Focused Econom

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My reason for picking and looking into Marcus when he only appear last and practically have no power or urgency over the situation is because, as Marcus play the role of the colleague, he is basically had the most intimate relationship with Borries out of all the character and thus and decision made by Borries will have a greater impact on Marcus out of all of the characters.

Due to Borries egoistic approach on resolving his own dilemma, he either knowing or unknowingly had change the cultural of the already competitive environment of the organization by raising the standard that employee can be call back from pre-arranged annual leave. This act will cause most of his colleague to dislike and even boycott him. This put Marcus in a dilemma as he is not only his colleague but a friend as well. Should Marcus support Borries decision and continue his friendship with him, he may face backlash as well. Or he can join the other colleague and stop his friendship with Borries which is easier to do but he may face guilt for being weak-willed.

Depending on which ethical theory he uses to make his decision, we will know which stages of Kohlberg he is in.

If Marcus stick with Borries and support his decision regardless of whatever outcome he face, be it from the other colleague or the changing cultural, he can be said to act on Kant duties to his friendship as well as virtue ethics (Crane & Matten, 2010), for it characteristic of loyalty and friendship to his friend, courage in the face of unknown consequences (Routledge, 2015), at this point I would argue that his placement is at stage six of Kohlberg moral development as his action is guide by his moral conscience which may or may not be agreed with society or in this case, his fellow colleague.

Or, if he choose to stop his friendship with Borries either due to peer pressure cause by social discomfort (Bohns, Roghanizad & Xu, 2013), or due to his own unhappiness for Borries as he did not consult in him before making such a major decision. He is acting solely on egoism, which means to conform to the social pressure and distance himself from Borries to maintain his self-interest. And in this case, he is easily identify to be in stage three of Kohlberg moral development as his moral reasoning is appear as a good person in the eye of him and of others of what is morally right to do.



Bohns, V., Roghanizad, M., & Xu, A. (2013). Underestimating Our Influence Over Others' Unethical Behavior and Decisions. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(3), 348-362. doi:10.1177/0146167213511825

Routledge,. (2015). Individual Values, Social Pressures, and Conflicting Loyalties. Retrieved 10 August 2015, from

Crane, A., & Matten, D. (2010). Business ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Appendix C

The interesting aspect of this module is that group are set up on a first lesson and nearly every conclusion to the class is a debate or discussion that not only liven up and enrich the class, it left a bigger imprint to the subject we are learning as well. The only drawback to this is that a common issue to group discussion and voicing out to a whole class is normally a big no-no. First question by the lecturer or first debate by the first group will often go uncontested. Despite my normally introvert personality, I feel that I have to start voicing out either guesses or debate to get the ball rolling. Some may see my action as acting on duty of Kantianism maxim one or even act utilitarian of the greater good for the whole class. But undeniably, I am in most part acting on egoism, as I would want the class to proceed and not stall while painfully waiting on dead awkward silence after every question.

Regardless of the moral compass for my action, I notice that the class became slightly better at voicing out after I stick my head out as the sacrificial lamb. Joke aside, the silence part of my group are not without its contribution as they are normally the one that take down notes, photo or information and share it within the group and to put them on Kohlberg moral development I would place them at stage three for they are doing what most people deem as right or acceptable and not be like me who stick my nose out too much. A rather interesting fact bout them is that should not be mistaken that they are shy or introvert person like me. Within the group discussion, often enough they are giving a lot of input irregardless of their accurateness.

Finally, I would wish to add that this has been a meaningful and enriching class that I am fortunate to be a part of. Everyone is treated with rights and justice and it is a very good experience.



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